In December 2019, the novel Corona virus started spreading throughout the world. Most countries had to close schools to prevent the further spread of the virus. It led to learning disruptions. So, the countries had to adopt e-learning.
E-learning reduced face-to-face learning significantly. It lets teachers and students use electronic devices to access educational instruction. Learning interaction is based online.
Types of E-learning
There are two types of e-learning: Synchronous, asynchronous, and blended learning.
Synchronous learning happens when learners receive instruction at the same time. The instructor delivers content in live video conferences, interactive webinars, and instant chat discussions.
Synchronous learning is the most popular. It lets students and teachers interact, and teachers answer learner’s questions instantly. It also makes it possible for learners to share opinions and ideas for a better understanding of topics.
Synchronous learning could be online or in traditional classrooms.
However, the quality of instruction in this type of learning depends on the teacher. Learners have to get used to a fixed schedule for effective learning to take place.
Asynchronous learning happens when learners choose when to learn. The learners learn from pre-recorded videos, emails, discussion boards, and recorded webinars.
Regardless of the time and location, learners access educational instruction and materials. It is a learner-centred approach.
However, asynchronous learning does not cater to immediate feedback and instant discussions. It makes learners feel academically alone and demotivated.
Blended learning combines synchronous and asynchronous learning. Learners and teachers can actively interact through traditional classroom lessons and online asynchronous learning.
Blended learning provides more personalized learning. The teacher motivates the learners when they actively interact. Learners support each other and prevent learner isolation. This learning method enhances learner retention.
Blended learning makes good use of technology in education. Whatever learners do not understand in asynchronous learning, they get it through traditional classroom learning.
The Future of Education
The future of education is promising. Thanks to synchronous and asynchronous learning, physical schools will reduce significantly. Online learning will accommodate more learners with less teaching staff.
Sylvia Beatrice Wairimu is a Kenyan upcoming writer, an artist and an environmentalist.