India Vs. Rapes – Part – 1

India Vs. Rapes is a series of articles that breaks down the stereotypes around rape culture and laws regarding the protection of the victims. This first part deals with the notion of rape as well as the laws formed in order to protect the people against it.
India Vs Rapes- Delik House
Illustration Credits: Li Feng


Rape is one of the rarest crimes where victim’s own body is used as a weapon against them. In recent times, Rape is not only finding its way into newspaper headlines and debates agenda, but also being normalized up to an extent where Rapists are being justified.

Activists are raging about “Rape Culture” being prevalent since centuries and can die only when the ancient norms of patriarchy are put to rest.

Every time Indian Public witnesses a rape, rounds of debates and discussions begin. Media however plays a crucial role in bringing them to us or beginning such debates in the first place.

The understanding of rape and its cause is being limited continuously due to its misrepresentation, which begins with people’s attempt at reasoning Rape.

As a matter of fact, IPC has sections to Reason a murder but not Rape. There’s no exception to that offense. Its heinousness should be self-explanatory here.

India Vs. Unconventional Rapes

In India, Rape is described with one bottom line- “WHEN A MAN HAS SEX WITH A WOMAN AGAINST HER WILL OR A MINOR”.

Even IPC provides an exception of Marriage to RAPE. Everything wrong with such an understanding is what helped normalizing it in the first place.

  • What about attempt to rape? Well, people categorize it as harassment but a person with a rapist’s mindset having the audacity to even attempt it is as dangerous as a rapist.
  • What if the Rapist isn’t a man?
  • What if the Victim isn’t a woman? Keeping male rape victims aside, Transgenders are evidently being harassed and raped since decades.

Now, with the recognition of third gender and decriminalization of homosexuality, how wise is it to keep a Law against Rape “Gender Specific”?

Now, the Indian Judiciary doesn’t recognize “Male Rape” and “Marital Rape” for one specific reason (Apart from other debatable consequences), their scope of Misuse.

Now, going by empirical evidence, women and children are mostly the victim of rapes. But that doesn’t mean male rapes are non-existent. It just means that they don’t get reported because we don’t have a law protecting them.

Even if 1 person is sexually harassed or raped, the constitution must have provision guaranteeing their Fundamental Rights.

Marital Rapes in India

Coming to Marital Rapes, the scope of misuse is determined by other similar laws being misused, i.e., Laws protecting women against dowry and any such harassment/cruelty. It was supposed to be a shield to the weak, rather became weapon for the devil.

Evidently, till 2015[1], conviction rate of Dowry related cases was 46% in India and until 2013, Police deemed 16%[2] of the total cases as False.

Especially section 498A of IPC which makes Dowry or Cruelty claims cognizable and non-bailable offences, where burden of proof is on the accused.

But this is what the law was supposed to be right? Protecting Women against cruelty. This is where the government and Judiciary play a crucial role to come up with provisions protecting against such misuses.

One of such provision is including the approval of ACP/DCPbefore registering a FIR or even before investigating or arresting, let it be the accused or collateral accused (family members of the accused)[3], introduced in Chandra Bhan versus State[4], by Hon’ble Delhi HC.

Hence, if such the Judiciary could come up with a way to deal with the misuse of this law, introduction of Marital Rape shouldn’t be an issue, because after all Rape is Rape! Husbands shouldn’t get a Pass at it.

Marital Rape has a lot yet to be covered.

Will be taking that up in next part.

References and Citations

[1] Is the dowry law being misused? Statistics can be interpreted to say ‘Yes’ or ‘No’- Manoj R Nair, Hindustan Times- Updated: Aug 21, 2017, 15:37 IST

[2] Dowry: what the data says and what it doesn’t- Rukmini, The Hindu – Updated: July 07, 2014 18:36 IST.

[3] 498A Use and Misuse- Varsha, B&B Associates LLP- Updated: Nov 4, 2019

[4] Order dated 4.8.2008 in Bail application No.1627/2008

4.8 9 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
P R Dash
P R Dash
3 years ago

Nice explanation.

Shaheer Shah
Shaheer Shah
3 years ago

Rape is one of the most humiliating and disgraceful crimes. And to tackle that our justice system should be swift enough to deliver justice

Bijayalaskhmi Dash
Bijayalaskhmi Dash
3 years ago

Very nice thoughts

Kunal D Joshi
Kunal D Joshi
3 years ago

Awesome ?

Recent Posts

Submit Your Writeups Now !

Current Series Contents

Other Series

Follow Us

Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
Srinivas Moghekar

Tickle Your Life With Stories That 'Matter'

We deliver stories that are worth your time.

Join Our Newsletter

Tickle Your Life With Stories That 'Matter'

We deliver stories that are worth your time.

Join Our Newsletter